The year of 2017 will witness the elections for the Supreme Post of the country electing the first citizen of India before 25th July 2017. We would all remember the uproar from Shiv-Sena about attending the dinner party presumed to be held for the aforesaid purpose. Though the matter was resolved with Sena Chief Uddhav Thakre attending the dinner party held in New Delhi (for the reasons knowingly unknown) and comforting NDA to move much closer to the majority hall-mark required for the Presidential Elections which is 5,49,441 votes, it gave us an instinct to start our analysis on the upcoming elections. Unlike Union elections the modus operandi of the most prestigious Presidential election differs squarely and analyzing the same comprehensively, we begin with our 1st step in the ladder of the Indian Presidential Elections series.
The Indian President is elected by Electoral College consisting of elected members of both the houses of the Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) of all the states along with Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory of Puducherry and that of Delhi. The election so held by the secret ballot system is in accordance to the system of Proportional Representation by means of Single Transferable Vote (“STV”).This system of STV specifies two principals for ensuring uniformity in the scale of representations and parity in the value of MPs and MLAs.
For securing the uniformity in the scale of representations the value of each vote of an MLA is calculated by dividing the total population of the state by number of MLAs in the respective state which is further divided by 1000.
Thus this denotes that the value of vote of an MLA of one state will differ from the other MLA from another state.
Further, in order to achieve its second objective i.e. to bring equality in the value of votes of MPs and MLAs, the total value of votes of MLAs in the nation is divided by total number of MPs of both the houses of parliament i.e. the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
However, while taking into consideration the total population of the state, census of 1971 is used which will remain in use till the year 2026 which was mandated by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution and later extended by the 84th Amendment. However, the reason to extend the same is only to avoid any loss to the state by, and encourage them to, lower their population through spreading the awareness about Family Planning Programs. (Interesting though, brushing up the memory, 42nd Amendment to the Constitution is none other than the same enacted by the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi during the period of national emergency).can
For the detailed working click here.
Each MLA & MP casts one vote on preferential basis and on the basis of weight attached to the same, the votes to a particular Presidential candidate ( 1st preference vote) is determined. However, to get elected as a President, this system of election mandates a candidate to secure a fixed quota of votes which is given by total number of valid votes divided 2 which marks to 5,49,441 in the instant case. However, when any one of all the candidates fail to secure such a quota, the candidate with least votes is eliminated and his votes are re-distributed to the remaining candidates on the basis of 2nd preferential vote. Thus this process goes on until one of the candidate secures the fixed quota.
With this we conclude, stay tuned for the current scenario analysis with respect to the standings of the respective parties based on the vote share as per afore mentioned calculations.